IRS scammers are working overtime this season in an attempt to steal your identity and money! Here are a few common scams you need to be on the lookout for -- as they circle back around each and every year.

Read more: 15 red flags that will get you audited by the IRS

7 tax scams that wreak havoc on more people every year

Generic IRS phone scam

The premise here is that you have a surprise tax bill you need to pay immediately to the IRS or you'll be arrested. The scammers use phone spoofing to make their number come up as "IRS," and they already have the last four digits of your Social Security number — both of which lends them an air of legitimacy.

Here are some of their other tactics to watch out for:

  •     They use common names and fake IRS badge numbers.
  •     They send bogus IRS e-mails to support their scam.
  •     They call a second time claiming to be the police or department of motor vehicles, and the caller ID again supports their claim.

You're told to submit payment either by wire or by prepaid debit card.  Know this: The IRS will never contact you by phone asking for money. They communicate exclusively through snail mail.

You can listen to an actual recording a fake IRS scam call here.

Supposed refund scam

Everyone would love to get notice of a secret tax refund waiting for them, right? Well, this area is ripe for exploitation!

Enrolled agent Craig Smalley wrote a piece for NerdWallet that described an encounter one of his clients had with this scam.

The client got an e-mail that looked like it legitimately came from the IRS, promising a $7,000 refund. "All my client needed to do was enter his Social Security number and bank account information, and the IRS would directly deposit the supposed refund into his account. Yeah, right," Craig writes. "In this case, I could tell this was a scam because the website didn’t have an irs.gov address."

Fake hostage scam

Back in 2015, a supermarket clerk in Washington was able to stop a woman from losing thousands in a scam.

MyEdmondsNews.com reports a 54-year-old woman approached a Safeway clerk trying to buy $2,400 in prepaid cards. But the clerk smelled something fishy. Upon questioning, the woman revealed that she'd received a call from a man who claimed to be with the IRS contacting her about an unpaid tax bill.

Worse yet, the man claimed to be holding the woman's daughter hostage and threatened to kill her if she didn't pay up.

The clerk became suspicious and contacted the police who were able to determine the woman's daughter was safe, and that this was all just a horrible scam.

First off, kudos to this employee who took time to more than serve this customer and save the woman's money. Second, kudos to the police for stepping in so quickly. But as always, the criminal was not caught.

Obamacare tax penalty scam

Did you know there is no requirement for who can say they're a tax preparer? Almost anyone can hang a shingle and claim to be a tax preparer. Fortunately, most people who do tax work are earnestly trying to do a good job to help you. But unfortunately, because there are no barriers to entry, it's created an unlikely opportunity for crooks.

We all know there are penalties for not having health insurance under the Affordable Care Act. However, most people who have not gotten coverage qualify under exemptions that would waive them out of having to pay the penalty.

Sounds fine, right? The problem now is the IRS reports some unsavory tax preparers are telling their clients that they owe the penalty and they have to pay it in cash or they can't file their return to get their refund. That's a big fat lie and those bad apples who try to pull this are pocketing the cash.

Know that any preparer who says this is lying. If you pay that money to a crook, there's no way to recover it later. If you do legitimately owe, you'll pay the money through your return. Never pay a preparer with cash for this penalty!

The snail mail scam

This one is actually a variant of the Obamacare scam. You'll get a fake tax bill in the mail that's supposedly tied to the Affordable Care Act. The letter, which looks exactly like a legitimate communication from the IRS, asks you to pay the penalty for not having health insurance.

According to the IRS, criminals across the country are sending fraudulent versions of CP2000 notices, which are letters that inform taxpayers about discrepancies on their tax return. 

The fact that this one comes through mail makes it tricky and likely to foul up a lot of people. However, the IRS says there are ways for potential victims to spot and avoid fake notices demanding payment. 

​Here are a few warning signs that a notice of this kind purportedly from the IRS is fake:

  • Appears to be issued from an Austin, Texas, address.
  • Says the issue is related to the Affordable Care Act  and requests information regarding the most recent year of coverage.
  • Lists the letter number in the payment voucher as 105C.
  • Requests checks made out to I.R.S. and sent to the “Austin Processing Center” at a post office box.

IRS iTunes scam

Earlier this year, USAToday reported a 20-year-old college student was duped by someone claiming to represent the IRS into putting $500 on three separate iTunes cards and $262 on a fourth, using her debit card. What would the student do this? She was threatened with arrest.

The scammers call persistently and also may spoof 911 calling your phone as well, according to the report.

With the iTunes gift card scam,  the thieves ask you to put money on the card and then read them the 16-digit code off the back. That allows them to quickly access the cash, in most cases, in a way that's untraceable. 

Tax-refund fraud

During the last few years, crooks have been stealing people's Social Security numbers and then filing false returns as though they were those people. The crooks typically claim low income and high deductions and file electronically. Then when you go to legitimately file your return, it's rejected by the IRS because somebody else already filed as you!

The whole mess typically takes about 10-14 months to straighten out if you're on the receiving end of the scam.

But it turns out there's an easy solution...You can get an Identity Protection PIN from the IRS before you file your taxes. The IP PIN is a six-digit number that must be used on a tax return, in addition to the Social Security number, to verify the taxpayers’ identity.  Once you opt into the program you can't opt out.  You will get a new PIN each year through the mail.

Visit IRS.gov/GetanIPPIN to opt into the program.

Read more: Credit Karma offering truly free tax filing in 2017

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